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Wine 101 / September 8, 2016

Grape to Glass: Harvest & Crush

California’s wine country comes alive during harvest and crush. In most of the Northern Hemisphere, harvest takes place during late August through early October, with sparkling wine grapes harvested in late July, and late harvest grapes picked later in October. For the previous 10 months of the year, winemakers have been steady and thoughtful, in the barrel rooms and blending rooms. Harvest kicks off the time of year when a sense of urgency fills the valley.

Harvest and crush are the most exciting time of the year for winemakers and vineyard crews. Timing matters! If the grapes are picked too early, they won’t ripen to their full potential. Picked too late, and they’re too ripe. Nature is the biggest wild card. Whether it’s rain, a frost or even mold, that’s the one thing that harvest teams can’t control. Crush first begins when the grapes are picked – then it continues through processing and fermentation Vineyard workers now can analyze chemicals and compounds to process the grapes at exactly the right moment.

 

Preparation

Early harvest is marked by long days. It’s when the just-picked grapes show up at the winery. To prepare for the grape delivery, winemakers prepare with super-clean equipment, tanks, barrels and most importantly the right team in place.

Grape to Glass: Harvest and Crush

Timing

Timing rules everything at harvest. To make sure the process runs according to plan, winemakers measure the three most important components of a grape’s taste: sugar, acid and tannins. These numbers help to a point, eventually the winemaker and their team will depend on experience and intuition to start picking.

That said, Mother Nature is still the boss in this process. Whether it’s excessive heat, frost, rain or mold, winemakers and the vineyard team have an eye on the skies to make sure harvest runs as smoothly as possible. Some wineries prefer vineyard crews to hand-pick grapes; others use special machines. Either way, handling with care ensures healthy grape bunches and berries make it to the vat.

Grape to Glass: Harvest and Crush

Crush

After grapes are picked, they are sorted, destemmed and crushed into juice.  Crushing is no longer carried out by lovely maidens with purple feet, crusher-destemmer machines do the work. These machines make light work of a complicated process – they remove the tough stem, remove the grape’s skin and get the grapes ready for fermentation.

This is the biggest difference between white wines and red wines. Red wines get their color from the juice remaining in contact with the skins. So winemakers send the grapes, skins and all, into the vat to ferment. This juice is called the must – and it absorbs that gorgeous deep red color during fermentation, before pressing the grapes. When working with white wines, winemakers press the juice out of the grapes and strain the juice separately.

Harvest is the most exciting time to visit wine country – from the action in the vineyards to the tank rooms, it’s when wine country comes alive!

Need to catch up on our past Grape to Glass installments? Find them on our blog here:

Grape to Glass: Rootstock

Grape to Glass: Bud Break

Grape to Glass: Flowering and Fruit Set

Grape to Glass: Verasion

Grape to Glass: Ripening

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1 Comment

  1. Fall into Harvest with Cosentino Wines – Wine Sisterhood: Women who love wine, food, travel, crafts, entertaining

    […] Bringing in the grapes for the 2016 vintage is hard but satisfying work. It signals the final chapter of the year’s growing season. Now, cellar season begins and the winemaking team’s efforts kick into high gear. To get all wine- geeky with a step-by-step look into every phase of the vintage, check out our Grape to Glass series. […]

    15 . Sep . 2016

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